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1 January 2016 Financial Analysts Journal Volume 72, Issue 1

The Misrepresentation of Earnings

  1. Ilia Dichev
  2. John R. Graham
  3. Campbell R. Harvey
  4. Shiva Rajgopal, PhD

The authors conducted a survey of nearly 400 chief financial officers on the definition and drivers of earnings quality, with an emphasis on the prevalence and detection of earnings misrepresentation. The respondents believe that the hallmarks of earnings quality are sustainability, absence of one-time items, and backing by actual cash flows. However, they also believe that in any given period, a remarkable 20% of companies intentionally distort earnings, even while adhering to GAAP. The magnitude of the misrepresentation is large: 10% of reported earnings.

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